Q. Is it true that Chhand 201 in Akal Ustat which reads as Atma Uchrio & four Chhands 126-130 in Gian Prabodh were in fact written by Atma Ram?

It’s another classical example of a conspiracy theory hatched by Jasbir Singh Mann. As Bhai Kahn Singh Nabha explains in Mahan Kosh, the ten Dohras (201 to 210) in Akal Ustat are written in the form of questions which the Man (Atma/soul) poses to the Mati (intellect). The first two Dohras are:

ਏਕ ਸਮੇ ਸ੍ਰੀ ਆਤਮਾ ਉਚਿਰੳ ਮਿਤ ਸਿਓ ਬੈਨ
ਸਭ ਪ੍ਰਤਾਪ ਜਗਦੀਸ ਕੋ ਕਹਹੁ ਸਕਲ ਬਿਧਿ ਤੈਨ ।1। 201।
ਕੋ ਆਤਮਾ ਸਰੂਪ ਹੈ ਕਹਾ ਸ੍ਰਿਸਟਿ ਕੋ ਬਿਚਾਰ।
ਕਉਨ ਧਰਮ ਕੋ ਕਰਮ ਹੈ ਕਹਹੁ ਸਕਲ ਬਿਸਧਾਰ ।2। 202।
By Thy Grace. (Dohra)
Once Atma (soul) posed this question to the Mati (intellect)
“Please describe to me the complete glory of the Lord of the World, 1. 201
What is the nature of the soul? What is the concept of the World?
What is the object of Dharma? Tell me all in detail”. 2. 202.

Similarly, cantos 126 to 130 in Gian Prabodh are written in the form of a conversation between Atma (soul) and Parmatma (Almighty) where soul is enquiring about its entity to which Parmatma replies (ਪਰਾਤਮਾ ਬਾਚ ॥)

ਤ੍ਵ ਪ੍ਰਸਾਦਿ ॥
ਦਿਨ ਅਜਬ ਏਕ ਆਤਮਾ ਰਾਮ ॥ ਅਨਭਉ ਸਰੂਪ ਅਨਹਦ ਅਕਾਮ ॥
ਅਨਿਛੱਜ ਤੇਜ ਆਜਾਨ ਬਾਹੁ ॥ ਰਾਜਾਨ ਰਾਜੁ ਸਾਹਾਨ ਸਾਹੁ॥੧॥੧੨੬॥

ਉਚਿਰਓ ਆਤਮਾ ਪਰਾਤਮਾ ਸੰਗ ॥ ਉਤਭੁਜ ਸਰੂਪ ਅਿਬਗਤ ਅਭੰਗ ॥
ਇਹ ਕਉਨ ਆਿਹ ਆਤਮਾ ਸਰੂਪ ॥ ਜਿਹ ਅਿਮਤ ਤੇਜ ਅਿਤਭੂਿਤ ਬਿਭੂਤਿ ॥੨॥੧੨੭॥
BY Thy Grace
On a day the curious soul (asked): The infinite and Desire less Lord, the Intuitive
Entity. Of everlasting Glory and long-armed; the King of kings and Emperor of
emperors. 1.126.
The soul said to the Higher Soul,”The Germinating Entity, Unmanifested and
Invincible. What is this Soul Entity? Which hath indelible glory and which is of queer
substance?” 2.127.

Now it is a height of absurdity that pseudo scholars have even distorted this philosophy and concocted a conspiracy theory by claiming that word Atma (soul) in these lines refers to a person named Atma Ram. Would they also dare to distort the meaning of the following Banee by Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji?:

ਗੁਰਮੁਿਖ ਮਨ ਸਮਝਾਈਐ ਆਤਮ ਰਾਮ ਬੀਚਾਿਰ (ਸ੍ਰੀ ਮ: 1)

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